SOAP


简单对象访问协议(Simple Object Access Protocol), 是一种轻量的、简单的、基于 XML 的协议。
它被设计成在 Web 上交换结构化的和固化的信息。
SOAP 可以和现存的许多因特网协议和格式结合使用,包括 HTTP、SMTP、MIME。
它还支持从消息系统到远程过程调用(RPC)等大量的应用程序。

Python SOAP Client

SUDS

Suds is a lightweight SOAP python client for consuming Web Services.

Sample

示例调用短信发送接口,java, XFire, SOAP WSDL, webservice

import logging
logging.basicConfig(level=logging.INFO)

from suds.client import Client
from suds.sax.element import Element

url = 'http://localhost:8080/SendSmsService?wsdl'
client = Client(url)

# custum soap headers for authentication
auth = Element('AuthenticationToken')
system = Element('system').setText('SMS')
auth.append(system)
username = Element('username').setText('sms')
auth.append(username)
password = Element('password').setText('sms')
auth.append(password)
client.set_options(soapheaders=auth)

client.service.sendSms('13912345678', 'python soap client through java soap server')

PHP SOAP Client

PHP 的 soap 扩展不支持自定义头的认证方式,不过可以通过自定义请求XML文件的方式来实现。以下文件需要PHP的soap扩展,请先安装后再运行。

$wsdl = 'http://localhost:8080/services/SendSmsService?wsdl';
$client = new SoapClient($wsdl);

$reqXml = <<<XML
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:ns0="http://sendSms.webservice.com" xmlns:ns1="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
   <SOAP-ENV:Header>
      <AuthenticationToken>
         <system>SMS</system>
         <username>sms</username>
         <password>sms</password>
      </AuthenticationToken>
   </SOAP-ENV:Header>
   <ns1:Body>
      <ns0:sendSms>
         <ns0:in0>%s</ns0:in0>
         <ns0:in1>%s</ns0:in1>
         <ns0:in2>1</ns0:in2>
      </ns0:sendSms>
   </ns1:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>
XML;

$req = sprintf($reqXml, '13912345678', 'php soap client through java soap server');
$location = 'http://localhost:8080/services/SendSmsService';
$action = 'sendSms';
$result = $client->__doRequest($req, $location, $action, SOAP_1_1);